1.Operations and Organization
Rexahn Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (the “Company”), a Delaware corporation, is a biopharmaceutical company whose principal operations are the discovery and development of innovative treatments for cancer.
Liquidity and Going Concern
Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 205-40, Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern (“ASC 205-40”), requires management to evaluate whether there are conditions or events, considered in the aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued. This evaluation initially does not take into consideration the potential mitigating effect of management’s plans that have not been fully implemented as of the date the financial statements are issued. When substantial doubt exists under this methodology, management evaluates whether the mitigating effect of its plans sufficiently alleviates substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The mitigating effect of management’s plans, however, is only considered if both (1) it is probable that the plans will be effectively implemented within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued, and (2) it is probable that the plans, when implemented, will mitigate the relevant conditions or events that raise substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued.
As of September 30, 2018, the Company had cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities of approximately $12.6 million, working capital of approximately $10.4 million and an accumulated deficit of approximately $151.6 million, and anticipates incurring losses through fiscal year 2018 and beyond. The Company has incurred negative cash flow from operations since inception and not yet generated commercial revenues. The Company believes that its cash, cash equivalents, and marketable securities at September 30, 2018 and the proceeds received from its completed registered direct public offering in October 2018, will be sufficient to fund current operations through the third quarter of 2019 and that the Company would require additional capital to fund operations beyond that point. These conditions raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year from the date these financial statements are issued.
To meet its needs, the Company intends to raise additional capital through equity financings, collaborations, or partnerships. Under ASC 205-40, management’s plans must be approved before the date the financial statements are issued to be considered probable of being effectively implemented, and the future receipt of potential funding is not considered probable at this time because none of the Company’s current plans have been finalized at the time of filing this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Accordingly, substantial doubt is deemed to exist about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date these financial statements are issued.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements of the Company have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission for interim financial information. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”) for complete financial statements. In the opinion of the Company’s management, all adjustments (consisting of only normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation of the Company’s financial position as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 and of the results of operations, and comprehensive loss for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 and cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 have been included. Operating results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for any other interim period or the full fiscal year ending December 31, 2018. The accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 (the “2017 Form 10-K”). Information included in the condensed balance sheet as of December 31, 2017 has been derived from the Company’s audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2017 included in the 2017 Form 10-K. The unaudited condensed financial statements have been prepared on a basis that assumes the Company will continue as a going concern and which contemplates the realization of assets and satisfaction of liabilities and commitments in the ordinary course of business.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. These estimates are based on management’s best knowledge of current events and actions the Company may undertake in the future. Actual results may ultimately differ from these estimates. These estimates are reviewed periodically, and as adjustments become necessary, they are reported in earnings in the period in which they become available.